EFFORTS TO OVERCOME THE SPELLING ERROR

INTRODUCTION

Problem Background
Language is very important for people in everyday life. Indonesian serves as a symbol of national pride, a symbol of national identity, a means of unifying the different communities of social background, culture and language, even as an instrument of communication between cultures and between regions.

A person can communicate well in a nation where a person is controlled by its system and made other people who also mastered the language system, perfect or not language as a means of public communication, is determined by the perfection of the system or rules of the language of the user community.


One of the language skills to function as a means to communicate is writing. Communication is intended indirect communication face to face with someone else. In the world of education in school, writing skills can be practiced in writing activities. Writing activities students can do.

When students are able to make sentences strung together into paragraphs, then the student deemed to have been able to make good essays. And an essay can be said well if ordered by the correct rules.

From observation, students' grade V SD Negeri 1 Kuripan Year Lessons 2008 / 2009 Sub Watumalang, Wonosobo District can not say good essay and correct. This is because students do not have Indonesian language skills to the fullest.

Analysis of errors in student essays can be viewed from errors in language and emphasis on the use of spelling errors capitalization, wrong use of prepositions and punctuation mistakes in a coma.

Based on the above authors will examine the fault lines of class V student essays Elementary School District 1 Kuripan Matumalang Wonosobo regency. Lessons Year 2008 / 2009, because the essay is much use of language that is not in accordance with the rules of the Indonesian language.

Problem formulation

The formulation of the problem in this study are as follows.
a. Is there a capital usage error?
b. Is there a preposition usage errors?
c. Are there punctuation errors comma usage?

Research Objectives
In accordance with the above problems, the purpose of this study are as follows
a. Describe the use of capitalization errors
b. Describe the use of preposition errors (in front of the word, to, from)
c. Describe the use of punctuation comma

Serve: DATA AND DISCUSSION

Data Presentation
The data in this study is written by V-grade students Kuripan Elementary School 1, Sub Watumalang Wonosobo regency. Data are grouped into a capital mistake, a mistake prepositions (prepositions in, to, from), and comma punctuation errors.

21 essays of students from class V SD Negeri 1 Kuripan still a lot of experience errors. In the essay graders V SD Negeri 1 Kuripan there are some capital letters, mistakes, prepositions and mistakes commas.

The results of this study can be seen in the essays of students who experienced the errors:
1) capitalization error
Capitalization errors present in class V student essays Elementary School District 1 Kuripan Watumalang Wonosobo regency Lessons Year 2008 / 2009.
The sentence has a capital letter mistakes outlined below:
1. when I was little I was invited by the family (Rofiyah)
2. day of my week and my uncle would vacation in the city (Nimir)
3. berliburan Go owabong (Mulyani)
4. a sudden heavy rain flushed the city banjarnegara (Diki)
5. after buying my bag and my father a break (Muhamin)
6. there I see different sights (Yuchidah)
7. Sunday I'll go to my grandmother (Cahyo Riyadi)
8. me and my family on holiday to grandfather's house in Wonosobo (Pujiyanti)
9. beautiful scenery there (Muhamin)
10. I went into the cave Semar (Surati)

2) Error prepositions
Preposition usage errors contained in the essay graders V Elementary School District 1 Kuripan Wonosobo regency Watumalang Lessons Year 2008 / 2009 there are a few sentences.
The sentence has an error prepositions (preposition) described below
1. there I saw many fish that large-scale (Martinah)
2. At 06.30 hours had gathered in front of my house (Nurwidiyanti)
3. Then jammed the streets for a long time (Zulkarnain)
4. Arriving I was there I bought a ticket (Jenar R)
5. I went to the house my grandfather (Imdaptul rohman)
6. .................................................. .................................................. .........
7. .................................................. .................................................. .........
8. .................................................. .................................................. .........
9. .................................................. .................................................. .........
10. .................................................. .................................................. .........

3) Comma Punctuation Errors
Error using comma punctuation contained in article V graders Kuripan SD Negeri 1 Wonosobo regency Watumalang Sub total 10 pieces of sentences.
The sentence has a comma punctuation errors described below
1. To make a memento of fish strawberries and grapes (Muhamin)
2. There I bought a bag and doll clothes (Hamid)
3. After that we went to the reservoir Mrican (Andri Putra)
4. I have seen animals include lions birds and snakes, etc. (Marni)
5. .................................................. .................................................. .........
6. .................................................. .................................................. .........
7. .................................................. .................................................. .........

Data discussion
In the discussion of this data, the author will discuss the data of a capital sentence 5 fruit, preposition errors as much as 5 pieces of sentences and punctuation errors comma sentences 5 men
The author described the errors below sentence
1) Error of Capital Letter
Capitalization errors in the article V graders Kuripan SD Negeri 1 Wonosobo District Sub Watumalang Learning Year 2008 / 2009 amounted to 10 pieces of sentences. Capitalization errors that authors discuss only 5 pieces of sentences from an entire sentence is experiencing errors.
Data errors and discussion of the sentence that has a capital error like the following:
1. We are very pleased to see the view (Marni)
2. Day had the afternoon and then we went home (Andri Prabawa)
3. .................................................. .................................................. .......
4. .................................................. .................................................. .......
5. .................................................. .................................................. .......
In sentences 1 and 2 above is a sentence that deviates from the general guidelines Indonesian Spelling enhanced (2001: 14). It was seen in our words and days written using lowercase letters. According to the general guidelines Indonesian Spelling enhanced (2001: 14), used as a capital first letter word at the beginning of the sentence. So the sentence is classified as one sentence. Because our words and today is the first letter should be written at the beginning sentences with capital letters.
Improvements outlined above sentence below:
1. We are very pleased to see them
2. Day had the afternoon and then we went home
In sentence 3.4, and 5 .......................................... ....................................
.................................................. .................................................. ................
2) Error prepositions
Preposition errors in the essay graders V Elementary School District 1 Kuripan Watumalang Wonosobo regency, the sentence amounted to 10 stores. Preposition errors that language writers only 5 fruits and whole sentences sentences that have errors.
Data errors and discussion of the sentence that had errors discussed the use of prepositions as follows:
1. I waited for the street car traffic (Rohsiyanto)
2. There I saw a beautiful pemandagangan (Pujiyanti)
3. .................................................. .................................................. ......
4. .................................................. .................................................. ......
5. .................................................. .................................................. ......
Sentence 1 above is a sentence that deviates from the General Guidelines Indonesian Spelling enhanced. It is seen from the use of the preposition phrases dipada on the highway. According to general guidelines spelling enhanced (2001: 24). Prepositions written separately from the words that follow. So, writing a preposition in the phrase there in a separate paper because of prepositions in the phrases that function as prepositions. Preposition in the phrase on the highway followed by the description. Thus the writing on the highway should be split into the highway.
Repair sentence above described as follows.
1. I waited for a car on a highway
Sentence 2 above is a sentence that deviates from the General Guidelines Indonesian Spelling enhanced. It is seen from the use of the preposition in the phrase there, according to the General Guidelines for the enhanced Spelling (2001: 24). Prepositions written separately from the words that follow. So writing a preposition in the phrase functions as a preposition. Preposition in the phrase followed by a description places there. Thus there writing there should be split into.
Improvements outlined above sentence as follows:
2. There I saw a beautiful sight
3,4,5 sentence is one sentence in accordance with the spelling has not improved
Repair sentence above as follows:
3. Then in the traffic for a long time
4. Arriving I was there I bought a ticket
5. I went to Grandpa's

3) Comma Punctuation Errors
Comma punctuation error in the article V graders Kuripan SD Negeri 1 Wonosobo District Sub Watumalang Learning Year 2008 / 2009, amounted to 12 pieces of sentences. Comma punctuation errors that the author discussed only 5 pieces of sentences from an entire sentence is experiencing errors
Data errors and discussion of the experience comma punctuation errors will be discussed as follows:
1. I buy souvenirs and wine strawberry fish (Muhamin)
2. There I bought a bag and doll clothes (Hamid)
3. .................................................. .................................................. ......
4. .................................................. .................................................. ......
5. .................................................. .................................................. ......
In sentence 1 above is a sentence that deviates from the General Guidelines Indonesian Spelling Yang enhanced. This can be seen not a comma (,) between the fish and strawberries. According to the General Guidelines Indonesian Spelling enhanced (2001: 43) a comma is used between the elements in a breakdown or pembiangan, so a comma (,) should be written between the fish, strawberries and grapes.
Repair dipaparan above sentence as follows:
1. I buy souvenirs fish, strawberries and grapes
2,3,4,5 In the above sentence is the sentence ....................................
.................................................. .................................................. ............

Conclusions

Based on analysis of data on the use of language, especially the use of capital letters, use of prepositions and the use of punctuation commas, in the essay graders V Elementary School District 1 Kuripan Watumlang Wonosobo regency found many errors.

The author can conclude that:
1. Use of capital letters in the student essays, many have errors. Capitalization errors, many occur in the first letter, the name of the month, day names, names of people and bnama town. Also a capital error also occurred on the first letter of the word at the beginning of the sentence.
2. The use of prepositions in student essays, many experienced an error in fact almost all the works have errors
3. Use a comma punctuation in class V student essays are also still got an error. The most errors in the use of punctuation comma is an error connecting words or phrases between sentences that occurred at the beginning of a sentence without commas like after that, afterwards, etc.

SUGGESTIONS
Based on the above conclusions the authors give the following suggestions:
1. V-grade students in reading interest to be further improved, practicing in earnest and with increasing understanding of sentences and spelling disimpurnakan, particularly in capital letters, prepositions and punctuation commas.
2. V class teachers are expected to better understand the rules of language and education quality further enhanced.

REFERENCES

Pamungkas, AM. Muchtar tth. Inti Sari Indonesian word, Surabaya: Appolo
Center for Language Development Deppenas 2001, General Guidelines for the spelling of Indonesian Disepurnakan. Bandung: CV. Yrama Widya
Team Great Authors Indonesian Dictionary. 2005, Kamus Indonesian. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka

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